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Old 12-17-2011, 12:47 AM   #21
retiredcaps
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Part 3

Misc suggestions

1) Post clear focused pictures in the following format. Please DO NOT post pictures inline as they slow down the loading of pages.

For best picture quality and clarity take your boards to a window on a sunny day, turn flash off, and use macro mode. Take a top down view of all your boards (front and back). Make sure the photo is legible so that we can read the PCB printing clearly. A shutter speed of 1/125 or faster will produce nice clear focused pictures. Try to get a photo that is 2000x2000 resolution and less than 2MB or as close as possible.

Here is an example of the picture composition we want.

http://www.badcaps.net/forum/showpos...94&postcount=1

2) Use clear coherent language with grammar and punctuation. If you can't articulate your problem, no one can or will help you.

3) Make an effort and do some research before posting.

4) If you are new, please read the FAQs before posting. You are more likely to get help if you do.

5) Post MORE information that little. A post that says "MY MONITOR DOES NOT WORK. HELP ME" is likely to be ignored. The more information you give, the better.

Changes in revision 0.3

1) added another test for bad CCFLs
2) added an example of poor soldering causing "2 seconds to black"
3) added tutorial link for replacing CCFL
4) added explanation on why bad caps cause "2 seconds to black"
5) added section on bad CCFL wiring with pictures
6) added more links to pictures and case studies
7) added procedure on how to choose replacement caps
8) corrected some grammar
9) removed dead links
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If you are new to this forum, we can help a lot more if you please post clear focused pictures (max resolution 2000x2000 and 2MB) of your boards using the manage attachments button so they are hosted here. Information and picture clarity compositions should look like this post.

We respectfully ask that you make some time and effort to read some of the guides available for basic troubleshooting. After you have read through them, then ask clarification questions or report your findings.

Please do not post inline and offsite as they slow down the loading of pages.

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Last edited by retiredcaps; 12-17-2011 at 01:01 AM..
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Old 06-25-2012, 01:46 AM   #22
buyerninety
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

"and plug in spare CCFL"...

a)Most panels contain a spare CCFL. (?)
b)Many panels contain a spare CCFL. (?)
c)Panels occaisionally have a spare CCFL. (?)
d)Panels rarely contain a spare CCFL. (?)

Please clarify in the guide which of the above statements most closely
reflects current manufacturing practice.
(If there are brands which pretty much always provide spare CCFL,
maybe identify them down in the thread - they're the ones I'd be
keeping an eye out for!
I'm surprised any manufacturer provides spare anything inside electronic
equipment.)

Last edited by buyerninety; 06-25-2012 at 01:52 AM.. Reason: precision in grammar
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Old 06-25-2012, 02:00 AM   #23
buyerninety
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

"and plug in spare CCFL"...

a)Most panels contain a spare CCFL?
b)Many panels contain a spare CCFL?
c)Panels occaisionally have a spare CCFL?
d)Panels rarely contain a spare CCFL?

Please clarify in the guide which of the above statements most closely
reflects current manufacturing practice.
(If there are brands which pretty much always provide spare CCFL,
maybe identify them down in the thread - they're the ones I'd be
keeping an eye out for!
I'm surprised any manufacturer provides spare anything inside electronic
equipment.)
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Old 06-25-2012, 02:53 AM   #24
Rtech
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

d) Have never seen a Spare ccfl ::Having not read the Post suggest it may have meant TEST CCFL.

Last edited by Rtech; 06-25-2012 at 03:06 AM..
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Old 06-25-2012, 11:22 AM   #25
budm
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

"The CCFLs light up the panel and they can be bad due to age, bad solder, bad connection or a variety of reasons. The easiest way to test for bad CCFLs is to have a least one other CCFL.

Let's assume that you have a LCD with 4 CCFLs (numbered 1 to 4) and a spare."

He meant that you should have aknown good spare lamp for testing such as one you removed from the LCD panel that has cracked screen but still have good lamps.

For people that does not have spare lamps for testing, you can use this:
http://www.badcaps.net/forum/showthread.php?t=19987

I myself keep a lot of spare lamp assemblies from broken LCD screen assemblies.
http://s807.photobucket.com/albums/y...klight%20lamp/
__________________
Never stop learning
Basic LCD TV and Monitor troubleshooting guides.
http://www.badcaps.net/forum/showthr...956#post305956

Voltage Regulator (LDO) testing:
http://www.badcaps.net/forum/showthr...999#post300999

Inverter testing using old CFL:
http://www.badcaps.net/forum/showthr...er+testing+cfl

Tear down pictures : Hit the ">" Show Albums and stories" on the left side
http://s807.photobucket.com/user/budm/library/

TV Factory reset codes listing:
http://www.badcaps.net/forum/showthread.php?t=24809
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Old 07-03-2012, 12:15 PM   #26
SteveNielsen
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Will the idea work in reverse, i.e. the ckt from a CFL to test a CCFL tube? I have a CFL with broken glass. It was broken when I moved into this place and I'm sure the mercury has long since dispersed so no worries there.
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Old 07-22-2012, 05:20 AM   #27
buyerninety
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

i.e.; 'using a spare CCFL previously obtained.'
AAhh, I understand.
Another suggestion;
On this webpage;
http://pkrobot.freehostia.com/LCDRepair9.htm
the guy took apart an LCD ( HP VS19 ) and found that he had forgotten
to record how all the diffuser screens were meant to be reorientated
for reassembly. These 'diffuser screens' (is there a better word for them?)
could be mentioned e.g.;

DISASSEMBLY
=====
Behind the LCD screen there may be multiple 'diffuser screens' which diffuse the LCD panels
light evenly - take careful note of their orientations, so you know the order
to put them back in during reassembly.

>or maybe 'take careful note of their orientations, so they can be correctly reassembled.'


>Also in Safety, maybe add wording like this?;

SAFETY
=====

Most of the tests below require a multimeter, but all the ones that I write about are with
power OFF and unplugged and with sufficient time having passed for any stored voltages
(e.g. in the capacitors) to have dissipated. The CCFL test does not require a multimeter, but
there is VERY HIGH VOLTAGE (600V to 1000V).
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Old 07-22-2012, 05:32 AM   #28
buyerninety
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

It's my understanding, SteveNielsen, that a Tube contains in gas form,
inert gases such as Argon -> but the Mercury is mainly in the 'powder'
that coats the interior tube wall and is present in a loose minute quantity.
That powder can still be dislodged from the walls - therefore it's still a
health hazard(!), also if disposed off in normal trash collection where it
can leach from the dump down into the water table (eventually).
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Old 09-01-2012, 12:45 AM   #29
budm
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

"The inner surface of the lamp is coated with a fluorescent (and often slightly phosphorescent) coating made of varying blends of metallic and rare-earth phosphor salts"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorescent_lamp
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Old 09-09-2012, 11:31 PM   #30
robertee
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Quote:
Originally Posted by retiredcaps View Post
REVISION 0.1 - July 23, 2010

Revisions are sure to come. Make sure to read the latest posts for corrections or input from others.

I wrote this to help others by sharing what I have learned over the last 4 months. This information is nothing new, but it is scattered all over different threads.

This is NOT a definitive guide as others have far greater knowledge and experience.

A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black
==============================

Description of problem
==============

You turn on your LCD monitor and it displays an image of your screen and then suddenly it turns off after 1 or 2 seconds. The power LED stays on (or green) and you can still see the image by shining a flashlight on it.

This is called "2 seconds to black".

Where the problem lies
==============

Since you are seeing the image, but with no backlight, we will assume for now that the power board and logic board are working 100%. That leaves the inverter board to check.

Tools needed to troubleshoot
==================

You will need the following tools to troubleshoot:

a) a multimeter
b) camera to take clear focused pictures
c) solder iron to replace components with optional desolder wick or pump

Personality Traits required
================

a) ability to follow directions
b) some troubleshooting skills
c) determination
d) willingness to learn
e) patience

If you don't have at least one of the traits above, sell or give away your monitor to someone else. Seriously.

SAFETY
=====

Most of the tests below require a multimeter, but all the ones that I write about are with power off and unplugged. The CCFL test does not require a multimeter, but there is VERY HIGH VOLTAGE (600V to 1000V).

I take no responsibility for any of the tests below that may cause you or your monitor any harm. If you are not comfortable, do not try it. Ask someone knowledgable for help.

Possible causes
=========

Here are some of the possible causes of "2 seconds to black" in no particular order. Your LCD monitor may have one or all the following.

1) Bad Capacitors
--------------------

Capacitors die from age, heat, and shoddy build quality. Capacitors DO NOT have to be visibly bad in order to bad. They can be out
of tolerance uF (a 1000uF outputs 400uF) and high ESR (ohm). A multimeter will be insufficient to test for ESR. You need an ESR tester for test for ESR.

Most members here will recommend that you replace ALL capacitors with reputable brands from reputable sellers. Brands like Rubycon, Panasonic, and United Chemicon are suggested.

2) Shorted Transistors
-------------------------

On some brands (example: Benq) the transistors (C5707) are sometimes shorted. You can test for shorted transistors (with power off and unplugged)

a) put black probe (com) on pin 1 and red probe on pin 2 - read ohm
b) put black probe (com) on pin 1 and red probe on pin 3 - read ohm
c) put black probe (com) on pin 2 and red probe on pin 3 - read ohm

If any ohm reading is less than 20 ohm you have a shorted transistor and it will need to be replaced.

3) Open fuse
--------------

Some boards will have a fuse or picofuse and they may be open because a transistor was shorted or some other component went bad.

You can test for open fuses by (with power off and unplugged)

a) put black probe (com) on one pin and red probe on other pin - read ohm

If the reading is 0.3 or 0.4 ohm you have a good fuse. Anything higher is a sign of an open fuse. Do NOT replace fuses and turn on the power back on without checking for what caused the fuse to go open otherwise you will just be replacing the fuse again.

4) Bad transformer
----------------------

The transformer converts the low voltage into high voltage to drive the ccfls. These can be bad. You can test for open windings on the transformer by (with power off and unplugged)

a) Number the pins on the transformers anyway you like
b) black probe on pin 1, red on pin 2 - record ohm
c) black probe on pin 1, red on pin 3 - record ohm
d) black probe on pin 1, red on pin 4 - record ohm
e) etc
f) black probe on pin 1, red on pin last - record ohm
g) black probe on pin 2, red on pin 3 - record ohm
h) black probe on pin 2, red on pin 4 - record ohm
i) etc
j) black probe on pin 2, red on pin last - record ohm
k) black probe on pin 3, red on pin 4 - record ohm
l) etc
m) finally, black probe on pin last-1, red on pin last - record ohm

I'm guessing the secondaries should read 950 ohm (this will vary for different transformers). The primaries should read 1.3 ohm. Some will be 0L. If one secondary is 950ohm and the other is 750ohm, that would indicate a problem.

This test is not exhaustive as it does not detect all faults. For that, you will need a ring tester to test the coils.

5) Bad CCFL
--------------

Pay ATTENTION as there is a VERY HIGH VOLTAGE (600V to 1000V)! No multimeter is required for this test.

The CCFLs light up the panel and they can be bad due to age, bad solder, bad connection or a variety of reasons. The easiest way to test for bad CCFLs is to have a least one other CCFL.

Let's assume that you have a LCD with 4 CCFLs (numbered 1 to 4) and a spare.

Pay ATTENTION as there is a VERY HIGH VOLTAGE (600V to 1000V)! As a safety precaution, it might help to have someone around when you are doing this if something screws up.

a) TURN POWER OFF and unplug the monitor and wait 1 minute
b) disconnect CCFL #1 and plug in spare CCFL into spot #1
c) plug in monitor and turn monitor on - note if "2 seconds to black" occurs
d) TURN POWER OFF and unplug the monitor and wait 1 minute
e) reconnect CCFL #1 and disconnect CCFL #2 and plug in spare CCFL into spot #2
f) plug in monitor and turn monitor on - note if "2 seconds to black" occurs
g) TURN POWER OFF and unplug the monitor and wait 1 minute
h) reconnect CCFL #2 and disconnect CCFL #3 and plug in spare CCFL into spot #3
i) plug in monitor and turn monitor on - note if "2 seconds to black" occurs
j) TURN POWER OFF and unplug the monitor and wait 1 minute
k) reconnect CCFL #3 and disconnect CCFL #4 and plug in spare CCFL into spot #4
l) plug in monitor and turn monitor on - note if "2 seconds to black" occurs

If you have a bad CCFL, one of the tests above should show you which one. If you still have "2 seconds to black", then we can assume it is not due to a bad CCFL.

6) Bad Diode
---------------

Diodes can be bad. To test a diode,

a) put your multimeter in diode test mode
b) put your black lead on one side and the red lead on the other - record reading
c) reverse the leads - recording reading

A good diode should read 0.4 to 0.7 in one direction and 0L in the other. If you get a reading in both directions, you will have to desolder one leg and retest as an "in circuit" test may not be conclusive.

7) Bad/cold/poor solder joints
----------------------------------

Inspect the backside of the board carefully with a microscope or magnifying glass and look for bad solder joints.

8) other bad components
-----------------------------

Voltage regulators, mosfets, other ICs, resistors can also be bad and need to measured to verify proper operation.

This section might get flushed out better as I run into more of these issues.

Misc suggestions
==========

1) Post clear focused pictures AFTER reading

http://www.badcaps.net/forum/showthread.php?t=1868

Take your boards to a window on a sunny day and use macro mode. Take a top down view of all your boards (front and back).

2) Use clear cohert language with grammar and punctuation. If you can't articulate your problem, no one can or will help you.

3) Make an effort and do some research before posting.

4) If you are new, please read the FAQs before posting. You are more likely to get help if you do.

5) Post MORE information that little. A post that says "MY MONITOR DOES NOT WORK. HLEP (sic) ME" is likely to be ignored. The more information you give, the better.
thank you very much for the help. robert from Chilliwack ,B.C. Canada
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Old 10-11-2012, 05:05 AM   #31
teppei
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Retiredcaps Thanks for this very interesting guide pier.
slowly and the translator will read and I will study.
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Old 01-22-2013, 09:16 AM   #32
MojoQc
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Hi Budm, do you know if I can use a 17" CCFL as spare test unit to test a 19" inch inverter board ?
I would say yes but I'm knew in LCD Troubleshooting.

Thanks in advance
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Old 01-22-2013, 09:21 AM   #33
Rtech
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Quote:
Originally Posted by MojoQc View Post
Hi Budm, do you know if I can use a 17" CCFL as spare test unit to test a 19" inch inverter board ?
I would say yes but I'm knew in LCD Troubleshooting.

Thanks in advance
No problem at all doing that.
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Old 01-29-2013, 05:45 AM   #34
ambetz12
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

tnx help a lot.
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Old 02-20-2013, 02:00 PM   #35
nicoursi
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

I am afraid there is some no coherent information about mosfet testing
Quote:
a) black on pin 1- red on pin 2 - record ohms
b) black on pin 1- red on pin 3 - record ohms
c) black on pin 2- red on pin 3 - record ohms
this means (please correct me if I am wrong):
a) black on pin S- red on pin D - record ohms
b) black on pin S- red on pin G - record ohms
c) black on pin D- red on pin G - record ohms

Below it is written:
Quote:
a) black on pin S1- red on pin G1 - record ohms
b) black on pin S1- red on pin D1 - record ohms
c) black on pin G1- red on pin D1 - record ohms
I wonder which of the two information is the right one. black on D, red on G or the other way around? (black on G and red on D)
I would say the correct is the first one, but I am a beginner here
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Old 08-06-2013, 08:51 PM   #36
ClitCommander
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

I have a VeiwSonic n2750w that does 2 seconds to black.
Im looking to test the transistors with a MM
can anyone tell me where they are?
thanks!



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Old 08-06-2013, 08:53 PM   #37
ClitCommander
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

^^^^^ I mean transformer
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Old 08-07-2013, 07:49 AM   #38
rogfanther
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Those two equal things, near the center of the power board. Please , post better pictures of it. ( It´s the beige one, as opposed to the two green ones ) .
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Old 09-28-2013, 09:45 AM   #39
SebHeuze
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Hello, It appears that I have two Shorted Transistors.

Transistors C5706

How can I know how to choose the right reference to replace these shorted transistors ?

Thanks
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Old 10-01-2013, 03:42 AM   #40
SebHeuze
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Default Re: A guide on how to troubleshoot 2 seconds to black

Personne ? :/
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